This is the second part of a two-series tutorial to setup action mailbox with postfix. In this part, we will configure postfix in the production server to forward incoming emails to our rails app so action mailbox can process it.

If you haven’t read the first part where we setup action mailbox and test it in development, you can read it here.

You should have

  • Postfix configured in production server (same server as your rails app)
  • The existing app built with rails 6
  • Ruby with rbenv setup
  • Patience

Steps

Let’s login to our production server first.

Step 1: Create A Bash Script

Create a script to forward incoming emails to our rails app inside /usr/local/bin/

$ nano email_forwarder.sh

Add the following to the script

#!/bin/sh
export HOME=YOUR_HOME_PATH
export PATH=YOUR_PATH
export RBENV_ROOT=YOUR_RBENV_PATH

cd /path/to/your/project && bin/rails action_mailbox:ingress:postfix URL='http://localhost:3000/rails/action_mailbox/relay/inbound_emails' INGRESS_PASSWORD='YOUR_INGRESS_PASSWORD'

Replace values of HOME, PATH, rbenv, URL and INGRESS_PASSWORD as described below:

  • Copy your home directory

cd and copy what you get from pwd command

$ cd
$ pwd
  • Copy what you get from $PATH and which rbenv command
$ $PATH
$ which rbenv
  • Copy the password you added to credentials file or your ENV file

For URL, if your application lived at https://example.com, the full command would look like this:

bin/rails action_mailbox:ingress:postfix URL=https://example.com/rails/action_mailbox/relay/inbound_emails INGRESS_PASSWORD=YOUR_STRONG_PASSWORD

Step 2: Configure Postfix To Pipe Incoming Emails To Script

We will follow the steps as described here.

  • Create /etc/postfix/virtual_aliases to add a catch-all alias; localuser needs to be an existing local user:
# /etc/postfix/virtual_aliases
@mydomain.tld   [email protected]
  • Create /etc/postfix/transport to add a transport mapping. “forward_to_rails” can be whatever you want; it will be used later in master.cf
# /etc/postfix/transport
mydomain.tld    forward_to_rails:
  • Next, both transport and virtual_aliases need to be compiled into berkeley DB files:
$ sudo postmap /etc/postfix/virtual_aliases
$ sudo postmap /etc/postfix/transport
  • Add the transport to /etc/postfix/master.cf
# /etc/postfix/master.cf
forward_to_rails   unix  -       n       n       -       -       pipe
  flags=Xhq user=deploy:deploy argv=/usr/local/bin/email_forwarder.sh
  ${nexthop} ${user}

We should specify user so the script is run by that user and not postfix or nobody. user=deploy:deploy ~ user=user:group

  • Add following in /etc/postfix/main.cf
# /etc/postfix/main.cf
  transport_maps = hash:/etc/postfix/transport
  virtual_alias_maps = hash:/etc/postfix/virtual_aliases

You can view postfix log with tail -f /var/log/mail.log.

You must have everything now to receive the email in your Rails app. Test it with any of your email providers; just send the email to [email protected] and check if it is being received in the log.

If you have any comments or suggestions, please let me know in the comments below.

References: Action Mailbox, Pipe incoming mails to script

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